How to Clean a Pizza Oven Thoroughly

Food remains, and grease can fall down, not only on the kitchen floor when cooking, resulting in stains and spills. When it comes to cleaning stains off your pizza oven, it can be difficult, especially if the stains were left to sink in for a long time.

Cleaning gets even harder when dealing with wood-fired pizza ovens. These pizza ovens have the additional task of cleaning ashes that remain after cooking.

Ashes and stains must be removed daily lest they affect the taste of your food. Besides, if they accumulate, they can prevent the pizza oven from working optimally. So if you want your food to taste good and your oven to serve you for longer, then you should know how to clean a pizza oven properly.

But cleaning a pizza oven isn’t as easy as it seems. You have to follow the right steps, or you end up damaging your pizza oven. For instance, there are chemicals you absolutely cannot use to clean your pizza oven. if you’re a homemade pizza beginner, then be sure to pay attention!

Detergents are a no. Also, it is not advisable to use too much water when cleaning a pizza oven. If you do, you must leave the pizza oven to dry completely before using it. You will also need to know the safety measures to follow to prevent injuries.

So to help you in ensuring you have a clean pizza oven, I will use my expertise to advise you on the top tips of cleaning a pizza oven. I will also discuss the steps to follow when cleaning different types of pizza ovens, including a brick pizza oven and a stainless steel pizza oven.

Top Tips on How to Clean a Pizza Oven

As anyone who has ever baked in a wood-fired oven knows, maintaining a clean oven is crucial to the quality of the food. A dirty oven can cause food to absorb bad smells, affecting the taste and making it less enjoyable to eat. Moreover, a dirty oven can also be less effective at cooking food, as the build-up of soot and ash can insulate the heat, making it harder to cook pizzas evenly. As such, keeping your wood-fired oven clean is essential for ensuring that your food tastes its best

It is essential to follow the best cleaning practices before you start cleaning your pizza oven. This will ensure you have the desired results. Some of these practices include:

Choose the Right Tools

Before you embark on cleaning your pizza oven, you must make sure you have the right tools ready. These tools should help protect your skin, reach the inner parts of the pizza oven, and help in disinfecting it. The must-have tools for cleaning an oven include:

  • Water
  • Small shovel
  • Large brass wire brush
  • Vinegar
  • Piece of cloth
  • Half-moon shaped copper wire brush

Best Pizza Oven Brush: A Helpful Guide on How to Choose One

Never Clean the Oven When Hot

As any pizza lover knows, a properly cooked pie is all about the crust. Achieving the perfect balance of crispy and chewy requires cooking at extremely high temperatures, which in turn can make cleaning the oven a bit of a challenge. It’s important to wait until the oven has cooled down before beginning the cleaning process, as hot surfaces can easily damage cleaning equipment or burn skin. Additionally, attempting to clean a hot pizza stone can cause cracks or Thermo-shock, which weakens the stone and makes it more susceptible to breakage. By allowing the oven to cool down before beginning the cleaning process, you can help ensure that your pizza stone stays in good condition for years to come.

No matter how dirty the oven is, it’s advisable to leave your oven until it cools down before cleaning it. Some pizza ovens take a much longer time to cool down completely compared to others. However, leaving the pizza oven overnight or for a day should be enough. You can always use an infrared thermometer to check the temperature of the oven without burning yourself to ensure it is cooled enough for cleaning.

Clean It When You Notice Some Dirt

Always clean the pizza oven whenever you notice dirt. The oven’s flue must also be swept regularly to get rid of soot and any blockages. If left to accumulate, the debris can make your food taste strange and may even catch fire.

Step-By-Step Guide on How to Clean a Wood Fired Pizza Oven

pizza baking in the pizza oven
Always make sure your wood fired pizza oven stays clean both inside and outside. A well-maintained pizza oven will last longer and won’t affect the taste of your food. Below is a step-by-step guide on how to clean your oven and get the best results you are willing for.

Cleaning the Inside

The interior of a pizza oven often has lots of dirt, including ashes, grease stains, food residue, and creosote (residue left over from burning wood or coal). This dirt must be cleaned regularly to avoid affecting the taste of your food or even making you sick. Also, if certain residues, for instance, creosote, is left to accumulate, it can be a fire hazard. Below is how you can clean most of this filth.

Cleaning the Ashes

Since wood-fired pizza ovens burn at high temperatures, they are regarded as self-cleaning appliances. Each time you put the pizza oven on, the super high heat burns spilled or stuck-on food particles from the oven to form carbon. The carbon is the soot you see in the oven.

If you operate your pizza oven at the right temperature, it is highly unlikely for soot to build up in the oven. This is because the high temperatures burn and evaporate the remaining soot. In case there are remains, they will be burned the next time you cook.

Ashes are another thing that remains after burning. It is advisable to clean the ash out every time you want to use your oven because if it is left to accumulate ash can make baking difficult.

You can remove the ash using a shovel or copper brush. If there are any food remains, a scraper should help you get rid of them. You should, however, avoid using sharp steel brushes like the steel BBQ grill brush as they can scratch and damage the oven floor.

If you use the oven for baking wood-fired bread rather than pizza, you may consider using a damp towel to get rid of the ashes and dirt. A damp towel is used for bread ovens because, in addition to cleaning the floor, it moderates the temperature of the cooking to ensure the bottom of the bread does not scorch.

Cleaning Grease Stains

Typically grease stains and encrustations on the oven floor become easier to remove after raising the temperature. The temperature always dissolves them so that what is left is to rub them with a sponge soaked in a mixture of water and vinegar.

If the spills are hard to remove, especially on the pizza stone, use hot water and scrub with a brush. That should be enough to leave your oven spotless clean. You should never use detergents or any cleaning products to remove stains. This is because the pizza stone can absorb chemicals in these products, which can get into the food, thereby affecting its taste and overall quality.

You should also use as little water as possible. Too much water can also be absorbed into the pizza stone and make it crack when cooking. Proper drying is, therefore, necessary after cleaning. Make sure the stone is completely dry before heating it again. Heating a wet pizza stone very likely will damage it. It might have to dry for several days or even a week before use (depending on how wet you got it).

If spills still remain after using the two methods above, you will have to put the pizza stone in baking soda and allow it to soak for several minutes. This, however, should be your last option because the method uses lots of water, which can easily destroy your pizza oven if not dried properly.

With this method, you are required to mix the same size of soda ash and the same amount of water to form a paste. Apply this paste on the stains and gently scrub with a brush. The stains may not get off after the first scrub, so apply again and scrub until it becomes clear. Make sure you clean thoroughly, right until there are no traces of baking soda on the stone. This is the part when you will have to use a lot of water.

But always keep in mind, after cleaning the oven stone, you must ensure you dry it thoroughly before using it. I recommend leaving the oven for a couple of days, preferably a week, to allow it to dry completely.

Removing Creosote

In wood-fired ovens, when the wood is burned slowly, organic vapors such as tar are produced. These vapors mix with moisture to create creosote which condenses inside the exhaust hood. Over time, it accumulates, which increases the risk of a fire. It’s best to inspect your oven for creosote by checking the oven door regularly.

Also, check for cracks in the oven dome. Soot can also be deposited on these cracks making them difficult to get rid of. New Pizza ovens with steel domes do not have such cracks. This makes them easier to clean than traditional ovens.

Cleaning the Exterior

The exterior of your oven becomes dirty with time due to soot and falling food. The method you use to clean this dirt will depend on the material of the pizza oven. Brick and stone ovens are usually cleaned differently from stainless steel ovens.

However, in each case, ensure you keep the entrance door shut to prevent water from entering the oven chamber. Water can cause damages to your oven and should be kept out at all costs.

How to Clean a Pizza Oven Chimney

pizza in the pizza oven outdoors
Over time, the pizza oven chimney gets dirty with soot. This is common in the wood-fired ovens because the soot is a mandatory by-product of wood. This soot must be cleaned often to avoid building up and end up causing a fire. While most of this soot can self-clean, you should take some time and brush it off yourself.

According to the National Fire Protection Association Standard 21, vents, chimney systems, and fireplaces should be inspected annually for correct clearances and free from deposits. However, oven chimneys should be cleaned much more often. The Chimney Safety Institute of America suggests you clean your chimney when the soot reaches 1/8 of an inch.

You can use brushes to clean the chimneys. Avoid using oven cleaner as they may end up damaging the surface.

How to Clean a Brick Pizza Oven?

If water is left to accumulate in your brick pizza oven, it can reach high temperatures and cause cracks. You may have to cure your oven often to remove any moisture and make it last longer. This is especially true about a brick pizza oven that is kept outdoors. New brick pizza ovens should also be cured before use.

There are two main ways to cure your brick pizza oven. The first method entails building a fire in your oven. This fire should be in the middle of the dome to allow even heating throughout the dome while being far from the foundation to cause damages.

You should also leave the oven door slightly open to ensure proper ventilation and to prevent the heat from being too much to cause cracks. The fire should be allowed to burn for up to six hours but check that the temperature doesn’t go beyond 300°F.

The second method involves building a fire elsewhere and using hot coal from the fire to cure your outdoor oven. This method is preferred for the first day of curing.

If the weather is humid, rainy, or you haven’t used your oven for some time, make sure you heat it at a lower temperature for an hour or so before turning to a high temperature. If you ramp up the heat too fast, your oven will crack. Covering your outdoor brick oven using pizza oven covers is highly recommended keeping it in good condition.

How to Clean Stainless Steel Pizza Ovens?

Stainless steel pizza ovens display marks such as fingerprints and smudges quite easily. It is, therefore, essential to clean it daily. Wait for the oven to cool before you start cleaning. You will require a damp cloth to wipe the marks and dirt off. Ensure the cloth is not too wet since steel pizza ovens are subject to rust. A dry microfiber cloth should help you buff the oven after wiping.

Alternatively, spray the surface of your oven with vinegar and use a lint-free cloth and wipe off the stains. Make sure you wipe in a similar direction to the grain of the steel to get a clean surface and better shine. If the stains don’t come out, repeat the process until it’s spotlessly clean. You can then polish the surface with oil in the same direction as the grain.

How Often Should I Clean My Wood Fired Pizza Oven?

The rule of the thumb is always to keep your oven clean to avoid the build-up of dirt and possibly larger problems later. So for proper cleaning, it’s best to scrape out any debris before use.

The condition of your pizza stone and how often you use the pizza oven will determine how often you will have to clean the pizza stone. Ideally, the pizza stone should be cleaned at least once every week if you use the oven regularly.

However, spills should be cleaned immediately after use because if left to dry, then they will be hard to clean. Also, spills can make your oven discolor, which is not a big problem but can make your oven less aesthetically appealing.

Exhaust stacks, on the other hand, ought to be cleaned once per month for regular users. If you don’t use it often, you may take a little longer before cleaning. The exhaust stacks are cleaned the same way you clean a chimney, so it shouldn’t be a big problem cleaning them. But if you are not sure whether you are able to cope up with the entire cleaning process, consider getting help from a professional oven cleaner.

Summing Up: Does Your Wood Fired Pizza Oven Need Cleaning?

When you see stains on your wood-fired pizza oven, then you should be thinking of cleaning it. Cleaning your pizza oven will not only help it last longer but also prevents your food from tasting nasty.

It’s best to use the right methods when cleaning to get the best results. Before cleaning any part of the pizza oven, make sure the oven has cooled down. You should then clean the inside of the oven, outside, and the chimney.

Since the oven is self-cleaning, using the oven at high temperatures will help evaporate the food residuals as well as soot. This will leave the chimney clean. However, if there’s soot after using the oven, you may have to use a brush to clean the chimney.

The inside of the oven should be cleaned with very minimal water. Too much water can get soaked in the oven stone and make it crack when you light the fire. If there’s water, leave it to dry completely before using the oven. This should take about a week or so, depending on the amount of water you used.

So what steps do you take to clean your wood-fired pizza oven? What ingredients do you use to clean your pizza oven? How often do you clean your pizza oven? Share your thoughts in the comment section below.

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